Mounts Iglit-Baco

Calintaan, Occidental Mindoro

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park is a protected area of the Philippines and an ASEAN Heritage Park located in Mindoro Island in central Philippines. The park covers an area of 75,445 hectares surrounding Mount Iglit and Mount Baco in the central interior of Mindoro.

The park was established in 1970, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations listed it as one of its four heritage par ...

ks in the Philippines. The park has also been nominated in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The park is the habitat of the endemic Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis), a small, hoofed mammal of the Bovid species unique to the Philippines. It is one of the most seriously endangered animals in the world. It was for this reason that the park was established, first as a game refuge and bird sanctuary in 1969 with an initial area of 8,956 hectares, then as a national park increasing its size a year later.

Apart from the tamaraw, other forms of wildlife are also found within the park including the Mindoro Climbing Rat, Philippine deer, and wild pigs. A number of bird species also inhabit the park like the Mindoro Imperial Pigeon, Mindoro Scops Owl, Black-hooped Coucal, Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker and Heart Pigeon.

Some of the important indigenous plants found in the park are the Kalantas tree, Tindalo, Almaciga, Kamagong and Jade vine.

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park News

  • The First Defense Against Biodiversity Loss: Establishing Local Conservation Areas

    The First Defense Against Biodiversity Loss: Establishing Local Conservation Areas

    First of two parts

    With limited financial and human resources, the protection and conservation of the rich biological diversity remain a major challenge in the Philippines.

    Although not an entirely new concept, many Filipinos, including policy-makers remain oblivious to the word "biodiversity" and its economic importance to ensure sustainable growth and development.

    The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) defines biodiversity as "the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of whic ...

  • The tamaraw Of Mindoro

    Last week, I was in San Jose, Occidental Mindoro for the planning workshop of the Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park, which is the remaining stronghold of the tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis).

    The tamaraw, also known as Mindoro dwarf buffalo, was the focus of discussion during the workshop, since it is the most iconic species found in the national park. It is endemic only to Mindoro, and could not be found elsewhere in the country, or the entire world. If one is not so familiar with the tamaraw, it can be mistaken as water buffalo or popularly known as carabao. It is relatively smaller and slight ...

  • Tamaraw Population Up In Mindoro National Park

    Tamaraw Population Up In Mindoro National Park

    The population of tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis) at Mt. Iglit-Baco National Park on Mindoro Island has increased to 523, according to the latest count done by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and conservation groups from April 17 to 21.

    The tamaraw is one of the Philippines most endangered species and is endemic to Mindoro.

    Don Geoff Tabaranza, wildlife biologist and project development and resource manager of Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, said the figure meant an increase of 122 tamaraw to last years count of 401. In 2016, the tamaraw population ...

  • Traditions Tamaraw The Challenges Rangers Face Protecting an Endemic Species In The Philippines

    Traditions Tamaraw The Challenges Rangers Face Protecting an Endemic Species In The Philippines

    The heat and humidity were stifling as the Tamaraw Conservation Program (TCP) rangers and I mustered our kit for the trek to Mts. Iglit-Baco National Park on the Philippine island of Mindoro. The TCP rangers (a special unit of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources) formed in 1979 as a direct response to the multitude of threats faced by the Critically Endangered and endemic Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis). A species of dwarf buffalo, these animals exist in a few isolated populations on the island, and the national park is home to the majority, an estimated 400 individuals.

    I tra ...

  • DENR Mulls Over Use Of Satellite Telemetry To Monitor Endangered Philippine Tamaraw

    The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is eyeing to employ satellite tracking device to improve its monitoring of the critically endangered Philippine tamaraw on Mindoro island.

    We plan to use a satellite-tracking device to 20 sample tamaraws to monitor their movements. That way, we will have an idea of where our tamaraws are lurking, Rodel Boyles, the community environment and natural resources officer (Cenro) of Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro, told the BusinessMirror in an interview.

    Also called the Mindoro dwarf buffalo, the tamaraw can only be found on Mindoro islan ...

  • Tamaraw, Other Endemic Species

    October is the month of the Tamaraw in the Philippines. It is a species of mammal that can only be found in the island of Mindoro and nowhere else in the world, the reason why it is given paramount importance. It was first recorded in the island in 1888.

    Scientifically, the Tamaraw is known as Bubalusmindorensis, and considered as the largest wild animal in the country. It is a closest relative of water buffalo found in Southern Asia, from which the domestic carabao is descended, as described by the late William Oliver, a British biologist who spent more than two decades of his life in the ...