Mounts Iglit-Baco

Calintaan, Occidental Mindoro

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park is a protected area of the Philippines and an ASEAN Heritage Park located in Mindoro Island in central Philippines. The park covers an area of 75,445 hectares surrounding Mount Iglit and Mount Baco in the central interior of Mindoro.

The park was established in 1970, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations listed it as one of its four heritage par ...

ks in the Philippines. The park has also been nominated in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The park is the habitat of the endemic Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis), a small, hoofed mammal of the Bovid species unique to the Philippines. It is one of the most seriously endangered animals in the world. It was for this reason that the park was established, first as a game refuge and bird sanctuary in 1969 with an initial area of 8,956 hectares, then as a national park increasing its size a year later.

Apart from the tamaraw, other forms of wildlife are also found within the park including the Mindoro Climbing Rat, Philippine deer, and wild pigs. A number of bird species also inhabit the park like the Mindoro Imperial Pigeon, Mindoro Scops Owl, Black-hooped Coucal, Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker and Heart Pigeon.

Some of the important indigenous plants found in the park are the Kalantas tree, Tindalo, Almaciga, Kamagong and Jade vine.

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park News

  • Close Encounter With Kalibasib

    Close Encounter With Kalibasib

    His left eye has turned cloudy, a condition that veterinarians at first thought was caused by cataract.

    Recently, a wildlife specialist who saw Kalibasib said the cloudiness was due to a scratch in the eye. The animal still reacts to light, he said, and is thus not blind. Not just yet.


    At 19, Kalibasib is already old (the average life span of the rare buffalos is up to 20 to 25 years), and it might take a while for his eye to heal, said Teresita David, coordinator for the Tamaraw Conservation Project (TCP), a program under the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

  • The Tamaraw Is Under Threat: Heres How We Can Help Save

    The Tamaraw Is Under Threat: Heres How We Can Help Save

    Up in the mountainous regions of Mindoro, a magnificent creature dwells. Upon first glance, it could be mistaken as a carabao, but look closer and you'll notice how its horns are a different shape, how it's a tad less bulky and bit more gray, and how it canters off into hiding when it detects human presence.

    This creature is called the Tamaraw.

    About the Tamaraw

    Found exclusively in the Philippines, particularly in the island of Mindoro, this elusive creature is the only endemic bovine in the country. Although fossil evidences suggest that it was once widespread in the archipelago, th ...

  • Working For Mindoro's Biodiversity (Last Of Two Parts)

    Mindoro is not only biologically important, it is also an island where numerous tribes of indigenous people, collectively known as Mangyan, are living, making it a cultural site, too. Most of the sites considered as Key Biodiversity Areas in the island are known as well as ancestral domains of the IPs.

    The Mounts Iglit-Baco Natural Park in Oriental Mindoro province is the remaining stronghold of the Tamaraw, and yet there are also Mangyan groups that are claiming ancestral rights over it. Within this site, there is still a tribe of Mangyan that remains isolated and continues to live and pra ...

  • The First Defense Against Biodiversity Loss: Establishing Local Conservation Areas

    The First Defense Against Biodiversity Loss: Establishing Local Conservation Areas

    First of two parts

    With limited financial and human resources, the protection and conservation of the rich biological diversity remain a major challenge in the Philippines.

    Although not an entirely new concept, many Filipinos, including policy-makers remain oblivious to the word "biodiversity" and its economic importance to ensure sustainable growth and development.

    The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) defines biodiversity as "the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of whic ...

  • The tamaraw Of Mindoro

    Last week, I was in San Jose, Occidental Mindoro for the planning workshop of the Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park, which is the remaining stronghold of the tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis).

    The tamaraw, also known as Mindoro dwarf buffalo, was the focus of discussion during the workshop, since it is the most iconic species found in the national park. It is endemic only to Mindoro, and could not be found elsewhere in the country, or the entire world. If one is not so familiar with the tamaraw, it can be mistaken as water buffalo or popularly known as carabao. It is relatively smaller and slight ...

  • Tamaraw Population Up In Mindoro National Park

    Tamaraw Population Up In Mindoro National Park

    The population of tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis) at Mt. Iglit-Baco National Park on Mindoro Island has increased to 523, according to the latest count done by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and conservation groups from April 17 to 21.

    The tamaraw is one of the Philippines most endangered species and is endemic to Mindoro.

    Don Geoff Tabaranza, wildlife biologist and project development and resource manager of Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, said the figure meant an increase of 122 tamaraw to last years count of 401. In 2016, the tamaraw population ...