Intramuros (Latin, "within the walls") is the oldest district and historic core of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. Also called the Walled City, it was the original city of Manila and was the seat of government when the Philippines was a component realm of the Spanish Empire. Districts beyond the walls were referred as the extramuros of Manila, meaning "outside the walls".
nstruction of the defensive walls was started by Spanish colonial government in the late 16th century to protect the city from foreign invasions. The 0.67-square-kilometre (0.26 sq mi) walled city was originally located along the shores of the Manila Bay, south of the entrance to Pasig River. Guarding the old city is Fort Santiago, its citadel located at the mouth of the river. Land reclamations during the early 20th-century subsequently obscured the walls and fort from the bay.
Intramuros was heavily damaged during the battle to recapture the city from the Japanese Imperial Army during the Second World War. Reconstruction of the walls was started in 1951 when Intramuros was declared a National Historical Monument, which is continued to this day by the Intramuros Administration (IA).
The Global Heritage Fund identified Intramuros as one of the 12 worldwide sites "on the verge" of irreparable loss and destruction on its 2010 report titled Saving Our Vanishing Heritage, citing its insufficient management and development pressures.
If you only have a week to spend in the Philippines, planning a quick vacation could be a real challenge. To begin with, it is a nation with more than 7,000 islands beautifully littered with beaches, waterfalls, ricefields, mountains & rivers. Then there are fiestas that happen everyday, endless karaoke beltings & basketball courts in every street corner.
Collectively called "Fortifications of Manila," Intramuros and Fort San Antonio Abad have been named National Cultural Treasure (NCT) by the National Museum of the Philippines (NMP).
Aside from being arguably the most beautiful part of Manila, Intramuros is perhaps also the most historic. Being there can give you both a heavy yet euphoric feeling, as if you're walking back through time. It makes you think, "who have walked these steps"? "What was it really like back then"?
Touring Intramuros evokes a feeling of going back in time to the Spanish Era. By walking the streets of the walled city of Manila, you can get an idea of how our revolutionary heroes lived during that time. Jose Rizal, for example, studied at the old Ateneo and was imprisoned in Fort Santiago.
About Intramuros, The Walled City
From its very foundation in 1571 to the cessation of Spanish rule in the country, the "walled city" known as Intramuros is a historical landmark that is rich in history. Literally meaning "within the walls" based on the Spanish language, Intramuros was once the seat of power of the Spanish crown in its most distant colony, the Philippines.
The fort is one of the most important historical sites in Manila.
Several lives were lost in its prisons during the Spanish Colonial Period and World War II.
Jos? Rizal, one of the Philippine national heroes, was imprisoned here before his execution in 1896.
The Rizal Shrine museum displays memorabilia of the hero in their collection and the fort features, embedded onto the ground in bronze, his footsteps representing his final walk from his cell to the location of the actual execution.